Request Actions

Any time that you need to interact with resources over a network, you should use request actions.

Note: to make synchronous changes to a resource slice, you can use the synchronous actions instead.

Requests Require Two Actions

Requests are asynchronous, so they take time to complete. First, a network request is sent off, and then sometime later it resolves.

In Redux Resource, this information is captured using two actions. Any time that you make a request, you will need to dispatch both of these actions. The first is dispatched just before the request begins, and the second is dispatched once the request completes.

For instance, the sequence of action types for a successful read request would be the following:


The PENDING action is always the "start" action. It is dispatched just before the request begins. Then, once the request succeeds, or fails, or is cancelled, you dispatch the "end" action (SUCCEEDED in this case).

Note: the redux-thunk middleware is a great solution for supporting asynchronous action creators like the ones necessary for dispatching request actions.

Action Properties

These are the following properties that you may include on a request action:

  • type: The action type. The full list of request action types can be viewed


  • resourceType: The type of the resource that is primarily being affected by this request

  • resources: An array of affected resources

  • requestKey: The request key

  • requestName: The request name

  • list: The list to add the resources to

  • requestProperties: Additional data to store on the request

  • mergeResources: A Boolean representing whether or not new resources are merged with

    existing resources. Defaults to true.

  • mergeMeta: A Boolean representing whether or not new resource metadata is merged with

    existing resource metadata. Defaults to true.

  • mergeListIds: A Boolean representing whether or not the new resources should replace

    an existing list or not. Defaults to true.

This section of this guide will cover these properties in more detail.

All request actions have a single required property, resourceType, which is the name of the resource that is being affected. The simplest action, then, looks something like this:

import { actionTypes } from 'redux-resource';
import store from './store';

  type: actionTypes.READ_RESOURCES_PENDING,
  resourceType: 'books'

This action isn't very useful, however. Without more information about this request, Redux Resource doesn't know where to put this information in your state tree, so this action doesn't change the store.

To reflect a request status in the state tree, you need to supply at least one of these two values in your action: a resources array, or a requestKey.


A resources array represents the resources being affected by the action. It can be an array of IDs, such as [1, 2, 3], or an array of resource objects, such as

    id: 1,
    name: 'Brian',
    phone: '444.444.4444'
    id: 2,
    name: 'Sarah',
    phone: '222.222.2222'

You can even mix the two. When it comes to a resources array, the important part is that the objects have some id. This associates the action with some resources.

You may be wondering when you might use the object form versus the shorthand form. There are two guidelines to remember, one for the start action, and one for the end action.

For the start action, provide IDs, if you have them.

For the end action, provide the full resource definitions, if you have them. If you don't, but you do have IDs, then provide those.

Let's look at an example.

If you're reading a single resource, such as a book, then you might access that book from your backend service with its ID. In this situation, you will have an ID at the time that you dispatch the start action, so we include that ID in the action's resources array:

import { actionTypes } from 'redux-resource';
import store from './store';

  type: actionTypes.READ_RESOURCES_PENDING,
  resourceType: 'books',
  resources: [23]

When the request succeeds, you now have more detailed information about this book to add to your store. So you would include the full book definition in the success action's resources:

import { actionTypes } from 'redux-resource';
import store from './store';

  resourceType: 'books',
  resources: [{
    id: 23,
    releaseYear: 2015,
    author: 'Jane M. Goodfellow',
    title: 'A History of Canada'

Whenever a resources array is supplied, Redux Resource will update the meta for each resource in that array.

The "success" action types also have special behavior with the resources array. For creates, reads, and updates, your state's resources object will be updated to reflect any new data. For successful deletes, the state for that resource will be changed to be null, and the resource will be removed from the ids array of all lists.

It isn't always possible to provide an array of resources in your action. For instance, if the user is searching for books by entering a title, you couldn't know which books will be returned until after the request has completed.

To keep track of the resources for requests like these, you need to use request objects.


Supplying a requestKey will create a request object for this operation within the requests section of the resource slice.

For instance, if your interface allows users to search for a books resource, you might dispatch the following action:

import { actionTypes } from 'redux-resource';
import store from './store';

  type: actionTypes.READ_RESOURCES_PENDING,
  resourceType: 'books',
  requestKey: 'booksSearch',


A human-readable string to help with debugging. For more, refer to the Request Keys and Names guide.

import { actionTypes } from 'redux-resource';
import store from './store';

  type: actionTypes.READ_RESOURCES_PENDING,
  resourceType: 'books',
  // In this example, we have some system to generate our request keys for us.
  // This could be used by a system to implement request deduplication or
  // response caching. An example library that generates request keys for you
  // is fetch-dedupe:
  requestKey: generateRequestKey(/* request options */),

  // Because the request key is a randomly generated string, it can be convenient
  // to know what the purpose of this request is.
  requestName: 'searchBooks'


For create and read operations, you can supply a list on a request action. This will add the resources returned from the operation to the specified list on your slice.

Note: you'll nearly always want to provide a request key when using lists. This is so that you can track the status of the request on the request object.

import { actionTypes } from 'redux-resource';
import store from './store';

  type: actionTypes.READ_RESOURCES_PENDING,
  resourceType: 'books',
  list: 'mostPopular',
  requestKey: 'getMostPopular',

To learn more about lists, refer to the lists guide.

Other Request Action properties

The following Request Action properties are all optional.

  • mergeResources (Boolean): When an action results in resources being updated in the store, this determines if the new data is merged with the old, or if it replaces the old data. Defaults to true. This only has an effect on successful read, write, and update Actions.

  • mergeMeta (Boolean): This is like mergeResources, but for metadata. Defaults to true. This property works with actions with any of the request action types.

  • mergeListIds (Boolean): When a list is supplied, this lets you control whether or not the new list of IDs replaces or gets merged into the existing list of IDs for that list. When true, it will protect against duplicate IDs being added. Defaults to true. This only applies for successful read and write Actions that have a list specified.

  • requestProperties (Object): An object that will be merged onto the request object. Use this to add additional data onto the request object, such as HTTP status codes, gRPC error codes, or any other information related to the request.

Dreprecated Request Action Properties

The following request action properties are deprecated, and will be removed in the next major release of Redux Resource (4.0.0):

  • request (String): A convenient way to set both the requestKey and the requestName at the same time.

  • resourceName (String): An alias of resourceType. Use resourceType instead.

Action Creators

The core Redux Resource library does not include action creators, but there is a library, Redux Resource XHR, that includes action creators.

You're also free to build your own action creators. For examples, refer to these four guides:

Using the Action Types

One of this library's exports are these request action types. You can use them in your application by importing them like so:

import { actionTypes } from 'redux-resource';

For a complete list of all of the action types, refer to the Action Types API Reference.

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